Woman blowing into a breathalyzer

Alcohol & DUIs

Alcohol is a tricky substance that affects everyone in different ways, but the results are generally the same. After enough alcohol is consumed, you’ll reach a level of impairment that makes it nearly impossible to safely drive a vehicle. The legal limit for alcohol content in the blood, or BAC, is 0.08, at least when it comes to operating a motor vehicle. Anything higher could result in serious legal consequences.

One of the most likely consequences of driving under the influence is jail time, even if it is only until your trial date. Fortunately, it is possible for you to be bailed out of jail before your trial by a bail bonds company. A bail bonds company will essentially put up the cash or collateral of some sort in order to secure your release from jail. The bail amount is set by the court, and it varies depending on the number of total DUI offenses. You’ll then repay the bail bonds company for the amount of the bail plus a percentage for their commission, generally around 10 percent. Of course, if you can avoid all that from the start, you would be much better off.

Know the Effects of Alcohol

It doesn’t take long for consumed alcohol to be absorbed into the bloodstream, which allows it to reach the brain in seconds. It has been estimated that it only takes an average of about 6 minutes for alcohol to reach the brain after it has been swallowed. Alcohol has a depressive effect on the brain, which inhibits many of the natural functions of the organ. For instance, drinking can lead to blunted senses, lack of coordination and balance, loss of self-control, and even serious illness.

The BAC legal limit for driving a vehicle is 0.08, which means your blood is 0.08 percent alcohol. This standard is based on the general effect of alcohol on a person, although it is difficult to compare the amount of impairment based on a set amount of alcohol. Some drinkers may develop a tolerance which allows them to handle more alcohol at once without feeling the associated impairment, and some drinkers who only imbibe on rare occasions may experience impairment at a BAC of only 0.02 percent.

The concentration of alcohol in the blood is affected by several factors, but it can be simplified into two main processes. The first process is alcohol absorption by the body, and the second is alcohol elimination from the body. Essentially, the difference between these two processes is the amount of alcohol remaining in your system, also known as the BAC.


The rate of alcohol absorption is controlled by a number of factors, also. For example, alcohol is absorbed through the entirety of the gastrointestinal tract, all the way from the mouth to the intestines. When there is less diluting material in the tract, alcohol is absorbed faster. However, the presence of food or water in the stomach can reduce the rate of alcohol absorption. Conversely, drinking carbonated beverages with alcohol will increase the rate of absorption.

The volume of alcohol within each drink and the frequency of those drinks over a given period time are also important factors to the rate of alcohol absorption. There is a time factor involved as well since it takes roughly 90 minutes for alcohol to be fully absorbed by the body from the moment it is ingested.


Alcohol in the body must be removed in one of two ways. It is either metabolized or excreted. The majority of the alcohol is sent through the liver where it is oxidized into water and carbon dioxide. The water is then excreted naturally and the carbon dioxide travels through the blood to the lungs, where it is exhaled. Any alcohol that doesn’t go through the oxidation process is excreted through sweat, urine, and as a gas in your breath. Breathalyzers measure the volume of gaseous alcohol in the breath to calculate BAC.

While some experienced drinkers have livers that function exceptionally fast, the average rate of alcohol oxidation in the bloodstream is about 0.01 percent every 40 minutes. That means that over an evening of drinking, a certain amount of the alcohol you consume will be eliminated from your system before you stop drinking. Depending on your body weight, every drink will add anywhere from 0.02 to 0.03 percent BAC, which means it make only take three drink for the average person to cross over the legal limit for driving.

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